project has been made possible by a large number of people
and organizations. They have all contributed to the success
of the project.
Swindell of Invermere B.C. initially showed me the site and
raised concern over the extent of erosion and the loss of
its archaeological values.
Mark’s continued concern and enthusiasm for the
archaeological resources of the Columbia Trench is greatly
project was supported by the Ktunaxa Kinbasket Tribal Council
and the cooperation of Tom Munson and Laura McCoy is greatfully
Paul Sam of the Shuswap Band and Chief Gayle Michel of the
Columbia Lakes Band also supported the project.
for the project was provided by the Living Landscapes Program
sponsored by Columbia Basin Trust and the Royal British Columbia
funding was provided by Kootenay National Park, the Western
Canada Service Centre of Parks Canada (Calgary), the Federal
Youth Public Service Internship Program (Career Edge) and
an anonymous donor.
Ross MacDonald of Kootenay National Park and Lillian
Rose arranged for funding of the school programs provided
by the Friends of Kootenay National Park.
Lakes Elder Phyllis Nicholas provided the prayer for the start
of the excavations. The interest and advice of the Columbia Lakes and Shuswap Elders
Phyllis Nicholas, Jenny Alpine, Frank Sam, Martina Nicholas,
and Sabina Cote provided an important perspective on the project.
Rose did a superb job of organizing the opening ceremony,
coordinating information meetings for the elders and excavating
at the site. Stacy
Kozakavich served admirably as assistant head archaeologist
and put up with some long late nights and early morning drives.
Nicole Shovar, and Basil J. Stevens Jr., were excellent
excavators throughout the field project.
Stevens (Shuswap Band historian) volunteered her time to explain
the significance of First Nations plant use to the many school
groups who visited the site.
Croome, Lorrie Storr, and Mike Gair, conservators with Parks
Canada, generously arrange to come to the excavations to demonstrate
recovery of fragile organic items. They also volunteered their time to assist with the excavations
in the early frost filled days of the excavations.
Cote, First Nations Liaison Officer with BC Department of
Forestry, encouraged many of her co-workers to visit the site
and her support and enthusiasm is also acknowledged.
thanks are due to Jim Stritzel of Manchester, Washington and
Al Waller of Calgary who travelled to Invermere to volunteer
their time on the excavations.
Several people from the Invermere area also volunteered
their time to assist with the excavations including Erron
Denby, Murray Davidson, Curtis Gladue, Chis Lynde, Christine
Swindell, Justine Swindell, and Mark Swindell.
Irons and Brian Sheehan, Kootenay National Park, kindly supplied
us with a water pump for the screening and kept us supplied
with mixed fuel. Larry Halverson of Kootenay National Park
also encouraged the project, visited the site several times
and provided photographs to the Columbia Basin Trust.
Crockford of Pacific Identifications identified the faunal
Lalonde drafted the maps.
special note of appreciation is due to my manager, Dr. Martin
Magne, Western Canada Service Centre, who has been very supportive
throughout this project and allowed me time to conduct this