WWII to 1960s
Era of Change, Growth and the
Seeds of Discontent
Booming economic times meant that
government finally had the manpower to define and regulate the
Grazing Act of 1919. Rules were made about when cattle could be
turned out on crownland and for what length of time.
The Agricultural Land Development
Act provided low interest loans to land owners for clearing, irrigation
and land drainage.
Several thousand wild horses were
eliminated from the Trench.
The government began systematic
forest fire suppression.
The Christmas Tree Industry was
developed, giving ranchers another source of income.
Modern wildlife management methods
were introduced, eg. more control over hunting regulations according
to current ideas about animal harvesting.
Ranchers purchased tractors and equipment.
Availability of electricity enabled ranchers to
improve their irrigation systems.
The wildlife populations grew
so significantly during this time that the Trench became known
as the "Serengeti of North America". As a result, the
guide-outfitting industry began to blossom.
For the first time, ranches began
to become independent operations. Ranchers no longer worked out
to pay the bills created by ranching.
A new era of logging opened up
access roads into higher country that enabled cattle to
reach new grazing areas.